Already in Berlin, we were looking forward to coming to Albania and meeting the hackers from Open Labs, the young 1-year old but very active hackerspace in Tirana. Open Labs is the one of its kind in this country. Its members ( about 20 ) are working hard to change this by promoting knowledge sharing and open cultures, and establishing a network with similar organisations from neighbour countries. Active members count also youngsters under 20 and their motivation has made the first year very successful.
Since its creation, Open Labs has been hosting weekly events, meetings and regular workshops ( about wordpress, linux, audacity…). Other projects managed by its members include the educational electronics kit called WMKIT which has been also presented at Betahaus in Berlin or the development of the wikipedia in the albanian language. We got the chance to interview the co-founder Redon Skikuli. In this video he tells in more detail about Open Labs and the situation of open knowledge in Albania.
As we did in Prague and Vienna, we also presented our workshop at Open Labs. Although the number of participants was smaller than at metalab, the interest showed made continuously the workshop very constructive. From the beginning, attendees actively participated in the presentation by asking questions and sharing their knowledge about open data, which showed that albanian hackers are willing to get deeper into the topic.
Albania is a country that has still a lack of transparency at political level. However, an open data platform has been created by an independent group of people who have gathered relevant information and published it to the public domain. They have also developed useful civic applications which promote the participation of the citizens in the improvement of the electoral system and the preservation of the environment. Unfortunately these initiatives are till now not receiving any support from the government. The attendees expressed the wish to have more data being released in the sector of security (criminality, car accidents) and public transportation.
Speaking about open data in a country like Albania has been extremely interesting for us. Quoting Redon Skikuli in the video above: “In a state like Albania […] its better to give people the tools to get their food and to learn how to create these tools than helping them giving their food”
Our second presentation took place at Metalab in Vienna, a large basement of 200m2 situated just nearby the town hall. Metalab is one of the first hackerspaces in Europe, when it was created 7 years ago, which has shown an open attitude towards non-members letting them to take part in the scheduled program and to use its facilities. We were welcomed through a small guided tour and could experience about the rich equipment available there, from electronics labs, CNC cutting machines, lasers to a dark room for analog photography. Indeed, many different profiles of people gather here (hackers, makers, artists, â€¦).
Around 20 people attended our workshop, half of them were already aware of the concept of Open Data, which made the final open discussion particularly interesting. This time, we could go through all the content of our presentation, including the practical part & open debate.
If it seems clear that Austria is a much advanced country in Europe regarding open data (an open data platform of the federal government has already been launched, followed by similar initiatives at local level, the Austrian Statistics Office publishes online a large number of information, …), the openness doesnÂ´t work so good as it should be. Because of the Amtsgeheimnisgesetz, administrations and companies can refuse to make available their data. One of the attendees pointed out that some organisations like the Austrian Statistics Office above mentioned were charging a subscription fee as a requirement for the user to access the raw data. There is currently an opposition movement which promotes more transparency on that field and claims for a so called Informationsfreiheitsgesetz, not established yet.
Otherwise, answering to one of the questions our survey, an attendee expressed the wish to have access to data related to local electricity network and energy consumption.
After finishing our presentation, one of the attendees showed us an interesting project called didyouknow. It consists in a python library that makes reading values from the world bank data API much easier. In general, this 2nd event was a very constructive session and we wish to keep in touch with Metalab!
On saturday, we were happy to attend the third edition of Solakra Solar Festival (3-7.07.2013) in a Czech village from East Bohemia called Hranice. Organised by the yo-yo-yo collective, with support from OKNO and ECOS, this is an annual meeting around the topic of solar energy, sustainability, ecological innovation and culture. In a former cowshed and its big garden as festival location, we met people from different nationalities (Czech republic, France, Belgium, Slovakia ) which were realising and presenting different kinds of projects related to the energy of the sun.
As part of the daily program the visitors could enjoy an electronics workshop for children where participants could start tinkering with electronics and build solar powered robots. These robots were used later as performers in an experimental music concert played by Berlin based Ralf Schreiber.
Later, after the attendees gathered to enjoy the dinner together and the day turned into night, some inspiring projects like the perifernecentra.com or politics of change were presented before the screening of the â€žSolar eclipseâ€œ documentary film in an improvised outdoor cinema.
We would also like to underline another project by yo-yo-yo collective: the Rur Art Map which consist on a printed map showing the different rural locations hosting cultural and art projects in Czech Republic.
Our first hosting organisation, the hackerspace in Prague, called brmlab, could welcome us last thursday to its regularly organised Talknight. Talknight is just the idea to meet each first thursday evening of the month around daily scheduled presentations. Each one is free to offer a so called talk about its topic of interest, brmlab streams and records the meeting on video and publishes afterwards the presentation slides on its website. In some few words, brmlab is a classic hackerspace situated in the basement of a repurposed building in Prague 7, a dark 20m2 room full of motherboards, circuits, displays & electronic microscopes. Brmlab organises other types of events like regular member meetups and project nights.
We had to give a short version of our workshop and skip the practical part since each talk shouldn’t exceed 20 min. Firstly, we have to say we were quite surprised to find out that the open data topic was not well know between the attendees. Although an open data platform in beta version has been set up and the OKFN is already present in the czech republic, the principle of open data and the OKFN Czech were not known. Nevertheless, the audience showed a large interest in the topic and we were happy to be the subject of a large panel of questions.
The debate focused first on the need of a common standardisation, so to say the need to set up common rules on data format and how should the platforms store and make the data available. This emphasis on standards matters was in part explained by the fact that the audience understood that we ourselves were planning to create our own open data platform from scratch. We had to make clear that we are not willing to set up a platform but simply want to promote the idea of open data & open knowledge, introducing the principles and current stage world wide.
Then, further comments of interest arised like the integrity of data on the first hand and the integrity of the data source on the second hand. How have been data collected, under which criteria? How can we be aware of the methodology? If needed, how can we react to a lack or a non-honest method of generating data? If this issue is not a new one but also occurs in the statistic field, it is sure that the origin and methodology have to be properly communicated on a open data platform, as a legend always illustrates a map. As well, how transparent is a government or an administration while releasing its data to the public domain? Which data will be published, which not? For which purposes is an organisation willing to make available some data and not other? That brings us to a further relevant critic underlined during the talknight which is the doubt that an administration would be anyways interested in publishing its data. What would be its interest to create an open data platform? We could particularly argue that such a way makes a better communication between citizens and public administrations, optimising bureaucratic procedures thus working towards a better society.
After our presentation, we attended the second talk of the night made by one of the members of brmlab. In its talk, he teached how you can make your daily online activities (browsing the web, sending email, using cloud storage services, mobile phone…) a bit more secure by using different encryption mechanisms. We found this presentation very informative and useful. Also, very interesting by the fact that in opposition to the topic we presented (opening public data to everyone), encryption enables to protect, and therefore close to others, your private information. This fact has to be considered as complimentary and not conflicting since the definition of open data excludes the private information of the user.
In general, we are really happy with the results and feedback of our first encounter and feel, although our presentation and contents can be still improved, that the topic wakes big interest on the attendees and we are looking forward for the next stop.
We are already on the road! After the crazy last weeks in Berlin preparing everything involved with leaving our normal lifes and starting a one year worldtrip plus realising this project along the way, we can finally say that we are on the road.
We are currently in Prague preparing our first encounter with the people from brmlab.cz where we will present our project briefly.
Stay tuned for more infos, sign up for our newsletter to receive updates or come over to one of the events we are attending and say hi! By the way, we received our cards right before leaving berlin.
A few days before starting our trip, we get the opportunity to take part in the 3rd Berlin Open Data Day hosted by the Fraunhofer Institut in cooperation with the Berlin SenateÂ Administration forÂ EconomicÂ Affairs,Â TechnologyÂ and Research (equivalent to regional Ministry).
By gathering representatives from the private and the public sector (at national, regional and local level), this one-day seminar has demonstrated how actual and significant is the will to open public data and to join citizens on this process.
In Germany, even if the national state already launched its open data platform https://www.govdata.de/, it is not its competence to force the german regions and municipalities to proceed that way. Each of them is free to go ahead with open data or not. Of course, the federal state promote to be innovative on this issue and to create an open data platform which can be used by developers to create tools and applications for various purposes, from e-participation (an example could be Frag Den Staat) to local information such as public transport.Berlin counts among the german regions which are much active on this field and has its own open data portal http://daten.berlin.de/.
Also, Berlin participates with Amsterdam, Barcelona, Paris, Helsinki, Rome & Bologna into the Open Cities project http://opencities.net/content/project co-founded by the European Union to encourage innovation in public administration. The workshop we attended today showcased some examples from Barcelona (we would like to underline the project Barcelona Urban Lab), Paris and Amsterdam where citizens have been associated to their local administration to improve comunication between each other and make their daily life better.
During the whole event, the major role of the developers in this matters has been made clear. The process of gathering data, transforming it (if necessary) and building applications has been demonstrated by some app builders who expressed the need for more and better structured data (standard formats) and more appropiated licenses that don’t prohibit the use by third parties.
In order to accelerate this progress, some programs and initiativesÂ which motivate the creation of the so called “civic apps” have been presented. Two examples are StadtLandCode and Code4EuropeÂ and it was good to hear that new challenges are to come.
Dear readers, in the last weeks we have been really busy establishing contact with people and organisations along our journey which are willing to collaborate with us. The feedback to our project has been very motivating so far and we are looking forward to starting our trip, meeting people and documenting open knowledge related projects along the way!
Our schedule for the next 2 months has been now confirmed and we are happy to share with you the first steps of our project:
Thursday, 4th July : Talknight @ Brmlab , Prague, Czech Republic
Brmlab is a non-profit, community-runÂ hackerspaceÂ in Prague. They provide a space where people who make things can come to share tools and knowledge. In this first stop, we will present our project on their July’s Talknight.
Wednesday, 10th July : Workshop @ metalab.at , Vienna, Austria
Metalab is a hacker space in Vienna, Austria â€” an open center for people who do creative things with technology. On the 10th of july we are going to run our workshop on visualizing open data.
Thursday, 18th July : Workshop @ openlabs.cc , Tirana, Albania
They are a non-government non-profit organization, based in Albania, that aims to support and promote initiatives which provide tools that bring knowledge closer to those more in need. We got in contact with its board memberÂ Redon SkikuliÂ , who lives in Berlin, and will be interviewing him to experience about they are running in the fields of education, DIY and open-source culture. Also, we will do our workshop there as well.
Thursday, 25th July : Workshop @ FLOSSK , Prishtina, Kosovo
FLOSS Kosovo is a non-governmental non-profit organization established in order to support, promote and develop the principles behind open source,open knowledge and creative commons. We will be visiting Prishtina at the end of july and will be meeting the people from the “Free Libre Open Source Software Kosova”, documenting what they are doing and running our workshop there with them.
Tuesday, 6th August : Workshop @ Zelazolab , Istanbul, Turkei
Zelazo is a space of exchange and production. It gathers those specialized in arts, design and technology with those that would like to imrpove their skills. We will be visiting them in August in order to document their space and run our workshop there.
Starting in July 2013 and for one year, we will travel through South-East Europe, Turkey, India, South-East Asia, Japan and South-America.Â We are going to take advantage of this opportunity and meet people, collectives and organisations actively working on making information, knowledge and education available for everyone.Â Â This site will contain the documentation of these encounters and feature the projects we discover along our journey.
Open Steps is a non-profit project which consist on exploring, documenting andÂ divulgingÂ the state of the art in the field ofÂ Open KnowledgeÂ around the world.
Why Open Knowledge/Knowledge sharing? We believe the philosophy behind these topics is of major importance for our society and the future generations. Making information, knowledge and education available for everyone is a big step towards equality where internet and new technologies should be the tool that communities and governments should employ rationally to achieve this goal, that’s why topics likeÂ Open DataÂ are going to play a big role on our research. Please, read the Our Project section to experience more about this.
Many individuals, collectives and organisations are currently working hard in this direction, and those are the ones who we will talk about in this platform.
Our journey will begin soon, we have already forged some valuable contacts and the feedback received from different parts of the globe has been very positive,Â we are currently preparing our schedule and invite you to stay tuned by signing up for our newsletter. If you want to reach us your ideas about this endeavour, point out projects you consider we should feature or any other kind of feedback, we would be happy if you contact us.